EV transition made easy: Top three challenges to overcome in automotive manufacturing
Published on 23 November, 2023 in Industry 4.0
The transition to electric vehicles is a challenging path for automotive manufacturers. Long-established companies that have traditionally produced vehicles with combustion engines are now venturing into an entirely new realm of vehicle platforms. Let us investigate the top challenges facing the electric vehicle manufacturing industry and explore the latest innovative solutions on the horizon.
Ensuring sufficient space to build the new vehicles
As the production of electric vehicles (EVs) introduces new platforms, manufacturers face the complex challenge of plant capacity. Additional stations can be added to production lines to produce plug-in hybrid vehicles as they share some commonalities with internal combustion engine lines.
For companies manufacturing full battery electric vehicles (BEVs), reusing existing lines is not an option due to the entirely different vehicle structure. They would need to establish a dedicated plant based on projected production volumes or the installation of a specialized line within an existing facility for BEVs.
The good news is that automation offers a solution to optimize space utilization, allowing automakers to maximize efficiency without the need for new facilities. Automation solutions can dramatically improve floor space utilization by making it possible to store parts in ways that might be difficult for a human to reach.
Training their workforce for the future
The introduction of new vehicle platforms in the era of electric vehicles (EVs) requires different manufacturing processes, which means substantial capital investment. Many manufacturers continue to produce traditional internal combustion engines, adding complexity and cost, but it’s necessary given current market trends.
While outsourcing the battery component may be an option, most major automakers prefer in-house production of critical elements, like internal combustion engines, for scalability and quality control. As it’s becoming clear that EVs are here to stay, major EV automakers will want to be less reliant on outside suppliers for such a critical vehicle element.
Another challenge is meeting the demand. Simply finding enough workers is hard enough — and on top of that, it’s necessary to give both new and existing workers specialized training, particularly for applications that deal with high-voltage electrical cable connections.
Automation and flexible manufacturing solutions can help free up workers from non-value-added tasks so that they can focus on reskilling. For example, autonomous mobile robots (AMRs) can take over the task of retrieving parts from shelving so that employees no longer need to waste time walking long distances to retrieve the parts manually.
Estimating levels of demand for the new vehicles
With electric vehicles being relatively new to the market, the automotive industry lacks historical data that can reliably estimate the annual production volume needed to meet consumer demand for a particular EV model. As a result, these estimates are more of an educated guess at this stage.
This means that EV companies’ production lines need to be very scalable and flexible. What might begin as a low-volume production could suddenly rise in demand. That demand could then peak very quickly. Such rapid shifts may call for retooling, and investment in more manpower, a new space dedicated specifically to the new vehicle, or all of the above.
Flexible manufacturing solutions are designed to minimize the costs and downtime associated with vehicle changeover, manage innovation while continuing to support legacy needs, and help companies stay competitive in a rapidly changing market. This adaptability empowers automotive companies to remain competitive in a swiftly evolving market. For instance, collaborative robots can be easily adapted to a variety of tasks, helping to minimize equipment changeover.
Electric vehicle production used to be seen as a distant possibility, but that is no longer the case. As the key players in the industry come together to develop affordable and efficient electric vehicles, OMRON sets itself apart as a premier industrial automation leader. According to Reuters, the market for EV battery components is projected to potentially reach $250 billion by 2030. Automotive manufacturers must now tackle the challenge of meeting increasing demand while also fostering innovation. Discover the valuable insights on how to optimize your processes to meet this growing demand in our whitepaper.